Penetration syndrome and foreign body
Removal of aspirated tracheobronchial foreign bodies by bronchoscopy can be difficult, and the technique may differ depending on whether the patient is an adult or a child. The medical literature provides inadequate comparative data on differences in the symptoms and management of tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children and adults. Baharloo and colleagues performed a retrospective study of their institution's year experience in removal of aspirated foreign bodies. A total of patients endoscopic procedures underwent removal of an aspirated foreign body at the bed hospital from to The authors arbitrarily divided the patients into two groups: those eight years of age or younger 84 patients; mean age: 2.
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Airway foreign bodies: A critical review for a common pediatric emergency
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Foreign body aspiration is a considerable source of morbidity in adults and is the number one cause of death due to asphyxia in children, especially during first three years of life 1 , 2. Risk factors for foreign body aspiration in adults include conditions associated with compromised airway defenses and depressed level of consciousness such as alcohol intoxication, use of sedative and hypnotic medications and senility. In children, natural curiosity during oral phase, as well as laughing, crying and playing during meals, is responsible for increased incidence of foreign body aspiration 4. The most frequently aspirated foreign body in adults is meat, although cultural and lifestyle variations play an important role in the diversity of aspirated materials in adults 5.
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Foreign body aspiration in adult airways: therapeutic approach
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Airway foreign bodies AFBs is an interdisciplinary area between emergency medicine, pediatrics and otolaryngology. It is a life-threatening condition that is not infrequently seen; however, it is poorly covered in medical literature. Accidental aspiration of an element into airways is a widespread clinical scenario among children under 3 years, predominantly males.
Foreign-body aspirations are potential life-threatening emergencies and are the leading causes of unintentional injury in children less than one year old. Delayed diagnosis at any age can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. In the United States in alone, there were 3, deaths related to aspiration or ingestion of food or other objects ultimately causing airway obstruction.
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